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Our Phonics Approach

At Lawrence View Primary and Nursery School, early reading is taught using synthetic phonics as the main approach.  Children are systematically taught the 42 phones (sounds), using a multi-sensory approach. There are daily phonic sessions where the children are encouraged to blend the sounds for reading and segment the sounds for writing.  The school uses the principles and phases of the ‘Letters and Sounds’ programme.  Additionally, children are taught the high frequency ‘tricky’ words – those which are not phonetically regular. By combining these elements, children have the tools and skills to be able to write independently at an early age and are given lots of opportunities to apply their phonic skills throughout a rich and varied curriculum.


When the children have mastered this ‘Basic Code’ (one way of writing each of the 42 sounds) we continue to teach some of the alternative graphemes used to represent the sounds (the ‘Extended Code’).  This forms the majority of phonic work in Years 1, 2 and beyond. We continue to teach the ‘tricky’ words and also introduce key spelling strategies. 

Phonics is assessed regularly to monitor progress towards the Year 1 Phonics Test in May

Phonics overview.

progression of letters, words and tricky words.